I was just reading about the country and it's such a sad state of affairs. It ranks at the bottom of the Human Development Index. The only other two countries scoring lower than 0.400 at the HDI are the Central African Republic and South Sudan, both mostly due to civil wars... Niger never had a war and still ranks lower than them. Landlocked, very little fertile soil, periodic droughts, high fertility rates... this country was dealt the absolutely worst hand possible.